The SOGIECE/Conversion ‘Therapy’ Survivor Support Project was a 2021-2022 community-based research project led by SOGIECE/CT survivors for survivors. Through a survey, focus groups, and interviews, we listened to 270 survivors who have been harmed to assess support needed by survivors and work with Canadian partners to deliver the supports needed to recover.
- The report for the SOGIECE/CT Survivor Support Project: Findings from a National Survey, Focus Groups, and Interviews is now available. Read it by clicking here.
- The Executive Summary, Findings from the Conversion Therapy/SOGIECE Survivor Support Project, 2021-2022, is now available. Read it by clicking here.
- The recorded webinar “Conversion ‘Therapy’ Survivors Have Spoken! Findings from CBRC’s SOGIECE/CT Survivor Support Project” from April 7, 2022
- By Survivors, For Survivors: My Experience Leading the SOGIECE/CT Survivor Support Project
For more information, contact project coordinator Jordan Sullivan at [email protected].
Where can you turn to if you’re a survivor? What can you do if you’re a friend of a survivor? Whomever you are, there are supports out there for you. Unfortunately, they can be scarce and tough to find. We have compiled below some tips and resources to support SOGIECE/CT survivors, whether you’re a survivor yourself, or a friend or family member.
- CT Survivors Connect is a Canadian, survivor led, online support group and service development program for survivors of conversion “therapy” (traumas)—a space for survivors to connect with other survivors. Follow them on Twitter or Facebook, or see their website at https://www.ctsurvivorsconnect.ca.
- Conversion Therapy Dropout Network is another survivor support network. On the last Sunday of every month, they hold a Survivor Sunday round-table event where survivors come together and share stories.
- CT Survivors is a group of survivors who have come together to connect and heal. You can join their newsletter and check out their events that include various trauma processing discussions for survivors. This network is based in the U.S. and welcomes Canadian SOGIECE/conversion therapy survivors.
- Just As They Are: Protecting Our Children from the Harms of Conversion Therapy. National Center for Lesbian Rights This American guide (May 2020) helps parents recognize when and how conversion therapy is promoted, provides information about the dangers of the practice, and outlines best practices for parents seeking to promote the health and well-being of their LGBTQ child.
For Survivors, Families, and Practitioners:
- Supporting Survivors of Conversion Therapy, by Reilla Archibald
- Identifying harmful “Conversion Therapy” practices in all its forms, by Amrit Tiwana
- SOGIECE/CT Survivor Support Project: Findings from a National Survey, Focus Groups, and Interviews (January 2022): This report highlights the support needed by survivors to help in their recovery, with recommendations for support and actions. See also the Executive Summary.
- THE LATEST: Conversion Therapy in Canada (June 2021): This report, consisting of data collected as part of our 2019 Sex Now Survey, reveals that as many as 10% of GBT2Q people in Canada have experienced conversion therapy.
- THE LATEST: Conversion Therapy & SOGIECE in Canada (February 2020): This report is based on preliminary data from more than 7,200 sexual minority men who participated in our 2019 Sex Now Survey, and suggests that SOGIECE and conversion therapy continue to impact GBT2Q in Canada.
- Protecting Canadian Sexual and Gender Minorities from Harmful Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Change Efforts. Salway, T. (n.d.). Community-Based Research Centre
- SOGIECEICT Survivor Support Project: Findings from a National Survey, Focus Groups, and Interviews. A Community-Based Research project among Two-Spirit, Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Queer people (2SLGBTQ+) Canada.
- Overcoming Conversion Therapy: A Qualitative Investigation of Experiences of Survivors, E. Dromer (2021). [Master’s Thesis, Université de Montréal]. Papyrus: Université de Montréal Digital Institutional Repository.
- They Want You to Kill Your Inner Queer but Somehow Leave the Human Alive: Delineating the Impacts of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity and Expression Change Efforts, Goodyear, T., Kinitz, D., Dromer, E., Gesink, D., Ferlatte, O., Knight, R., Salway, T. (The Journal of Sex Research, 2021).
- Video: Ending, Healing, and Learning – The Current and Future State of SOGIECE plenary panel during Summit 2019. Travis Salway, a social epidemiologist, and a leading SOGIECE researcher moderated this interactive panel featuring critical discussion from the perspectives of survivors, policy advocates, and service providers to mobilize research, practice, and policy actions with regard to sexual orientation and gender identity change efforts (SOGIECE). The panel helped to increase awareness and understanding of conversion therapy, or SOGIECE in Canada, and its consequences with regard to sexuality, identity, health, and social well-being, and what is required to help survivors heal.
- “Conversion Therapy” Experiences in Their Social Contexts: A Qualitative Study of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity and Expression Change Efforts in Canada (The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 2021)
- What is So-called “Conversion Therapy”? Centre for Gender and Sexual Health Equity. Salway, T. (2021)
- The Global State of Conversion Therapy - A Preliminary Report and Current Evidence Brief. Adamson, Tyler & Garner, Alex & Wallach, Sara & Hanley, Marguerite & Howell, Sean. (2020)
- Prevalence of Exposure to Sexual Orientation Change Efforts and Associated Sociodemographic Characteristics and Psychosocial Health Outcomes among Canadian Sexual Minority Men. Salway, T., Ferlatte, O., Gesink, D., & Lachowsky, N. J. (2020), Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 65(7), 502–509. This research, published in 2020, has found that conversion therapy to attempt to change a person’s sexual orientation is still common in Canada. The study calls for government and societal support to end conversion therapy practices. According to university and community-based researchers, 4% of Canadian gay and bisexual men—approximately 20,000 individuals across the country—have been exposed to conversion therapy, which includes scientifically discredited practices that try to repress, discourage, or change a person’s sexual orientation, gender identity, or gender expression.
- Experiences with sexual orientation and gender identity conversion therapy practices among sexual minority men in Canada, 2019–2020. Salway T, Juwono S, Klassen B, Ferlatte O, Ablona A, Pruden H, et al. (2021) PLoS ONE 16(6): e0252539
- QuickStat #1 - Conversion Therapy. 2019-12-2-. The Trans PULSE Canada Team
- Reflections on Bill C-4: An Advocate and Survivor’s Take on the New Federal Conversion Therapy Ban, by Michael Kwag (2022)
- Ridding Canadian Medicine of Conversion Therapy, Travis Salway and Florence Ashley, (Canadian Medical Association Journal, 2022).
- Ending Efforts to Change Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity & Gender Expression: This report presents a comprehensive look at sexual orientation and gender identity and expression change efforts (SOGIECE), their effects, the current state in Canada, and the limitations of bans and legal challenges. (CBRC, 2020)
- Ending conversion therapy in Canada: Survivors, community leaders, researchers, and allies address the current and future states of sexual orientation and gender identity and expression change efforts: The 2019 Vancouver SOGIECE Dialogue was held on November 2, 2019. The objective was to convene survivors, community leaders, researchers, and policy advocates in order to share professional and lived experiences of SOGIECE, identify key health and social service needs of SOGIECE survivors, exchange ideas about pan-North American interventions, and determine how research could be undertaken to address gaps in knowledge.
- No Conversion Canada: A national, non-profit, grassroots coalition dedicated to ending conversion therapy in Canada. Includes A Guide for Legislative Action. The development of this guide has been supported by leading experts, academics, persons with lived experience, and faith and community leaders to assist legislators and policymakers in better understanding their roles and responsibilities in taking action to protect LGBTQ21 people from “conversion therapy” within their local communities. This revised guide builds upon an earlier publication and provides updates on new research, lived experiences of survivors, and recent legislative and policy developments, including the introduction of federal legislation to criminalize conversion therapy.
- Video: Ending, Healing, and Learning - The Current and Future State of SOGICE plenary panel during Summit 2019. Travis Salway, a social epidemiologist, and a leading SOGICE researcher moderated this interactive panel featuring critical discussion from the perspectives of survivors, policy advocates, and service providers to mobilize research, practice, and policy actions with regard to sexual orientation and gender identity change efforts (SOGICE). The panel helped to increase awareness and understanding of conversion therapy, or SOGICE in Canada, and its consequences with regard to sexuality, identity, health, and social well-being, and what is required to help survivors heal.
- Conversion Therapy in Canada: The Roles and Responsibilities of Municipalities (2019). Dr. Kristopher Wells, Canada Research Chair for the Public Understanding of Sexual and Gender Minority Youth, launched this report in partnership with conversion therapy survivors, and civil society organizations. The report was developed by leading experts, academics, persons with lived experience, and faith and community leaders to assist municipalities in better understanding their roles and responsibilities in taking action to protect 2SLGBTQ people from conversion therapy within their local communities. It features the latest research and evidence on the state of conversion therapy in Canada and calls for municipalities to take legislative action to end this abusive practice. Everyone is valid, everyone deserves the freedom to be who they are.
- Brief: Protecting Canadian sexual and gender minorities from harmful sexual orientation and gender identity change efforts submitted to the Standing Committee on Health (HESA) for the study of 2SLGBTQ Health in Canada. This brief explains how sexual orientation and gender identity change efforts (SOGICE), are pseudo-scientific practices intended to change, repair, convert, or otherwise suppress unwanted feelings or expressions of sexual attraction to members of the same gender or unwanted feelings or expressions of incongruence between one’s biological sex assigned at birth and gender identity. It highlights how SOGICE are not only ineffective at changing sexual orientation and gender identity but are associated with numerous psychological harms, including poor self-esteem, self-hatred, depression, anxiety, problematic substance use, and suicide ideation and attempts.
Additional Supports in the United States
- The Trevor Project advocates for change by endeavoring to protect LGBTQ young people from conversion therapy in the United States and countries around the world.